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Alfalfa (or Lucerne) is often called the “Queen of forages” . It has high nutritional value. Alfalfa is high in protein, vitamins plus other mineral salts. Alfalfa is relatively complete with amino acids in protein, and high in amino acids necessary to animals. Crude protein in dry matter is 15-25% in Alfalfa, which is close to half of that in soy bean, and 1-1.5 times higher than that in corns. Alfalfa retains 1.06-1.38% lysine, 4-5 times higher than corn. Alfalfa has high feeding value and is favorite in various animals. Alfalfa is used for pigs, poultry, rabbit and herbivorous fish as an ideal supplementary forage for protein and vitamins. Afalfa has the highest yield potential to feed dairy cattle. Alfalfa is also high value to be formulated into dry hay powder and made into granules or other comprehensive feeding staffs for livestock, poultry and fish.


Dairy cow
The feeding of alfalfa to dairy cow is hay or fresh during grazing. By researching, the use of alfalfa hay or semi-dry silage in dairy cow feeding can increase the milk fat percentage and yield of milk. Adding an appropriate amount of fresh alfalfa in dairy cow’s ration can increase daily milk yield about 4kg per cow.



Pig
Alfalfa is high in protein, it can improve the pig lean meat rate. By researching, feeding alfalfa meals to fattening pigs can increase the lean meat rate, but will not affect growth of pig. Adding an appropriate amount of fresh alfalfa into the ration, it can promote the growth of pigs, and can effect the hysteretic effect. The feeding amount of alfalfa to pigs should be very carefully calculated. The overfeeding will cause decrease of yield for the alfalfa’s high content of crude fiber. The precise alfalfa feeding can cause the good effect and also reduce the feeding cost




Chicken
Alfalfa meals has high content of lutein, about 240 mg/kg. Feeding alfalfa meals to laying hens can deepen egg yolk color to achieve higher value. The alfalfa meals can also used as a natural pigment additive in broiler chicken feeds. Adding an appropriate amount of alfalfa meals into the ration, the average daily feed intake and broiler chicken’s feed-gain ratio can be increased. By testing, adding 4% alfalfa meals, the broiler chicken’s skin color and shank color are deeper, but has no effect to broiler chicken’s production or carcass quality. Overfeeding will cause the yield decrease because of the high content of crude fiber of alfalfa.



Rabbit
Alfalfa meals can be used as the main feed of rabbit. Alfalfa meals quality is differed by different harvest periods. The different alfalfa meals proportion in ration, will effect differently to the rabbit meat quality and weight growth. Adding different microbial agents such as fermented meals, the rabbit production performance will be certainly effected. The alfalfa meals grade and adding rate in the ration should be precise according to the real requirement, in order to get higher profit and lower feeding cost.


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